Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.kpi.kharkov.ua/handle/KhPI-Press/42799
Title: Антология выдающихся достижений в науке и технике. Часть 51: конструктор ракетно-космической техники Сергей Королев и его свершения в ракетостроении
Other Titles: An anthology of the distinguished achievements in science and technique. Part 51: Rocket-space technology designer Sergey Korolev and his accomplishments in missile design
Authors: Баранов, Михаил Иванович
Keywords: достижения в современном ракетостроении; космонавтика; научно-исторический очерк; achievements in modern rocket production; cosmonautics; scientifically-historical essay
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Национальный технический университет "Харьковский политехнический институт"
Citation: Баранов М. И. Антология выдающихся достижений в науке и технике. Часть 51: конструктор ракетно-космической техники Сергей Королев и его свершения в ракетостроении / М. И. Баранов // Електротехніка і Електромеханіка = Electrical engineering & Electromechanics. – 2019. – № 5. – С. 3-11.
Abstract: Приведен краткий научно-исторический очерк о выдающемся советском конструкторе ракетно-космической техники Сергее Павловиче Королеве, ставшем одним из основоположников отечественного ракетостроения и практической космонавтики. Отмечен важный вклад бывших немецких ракетчиков, работавших в СССР после окончания Второй мировой войны, в разработку первых советских баллистических ракет. Описаны основные научно-технические достижения С. П. Королева в области создания советского стратегического ракетного оружия и современной ракетно-космической техники для освоения землянами ближнего и дальнего космического пространства. Показано, что главный конструктор С. П. Королев является«отцом» отечественной ракетно-космической техники, обеспечившей запуск первого в мире советского искусственного спутника Земли(1957 г.) и пребывание на околоземной космической орбите первого в истории человечества советского космонавта Ю. А. Гагарина(1961 г.).
Purpose. Preparation of short scientifically-historical essay about one of founders of domestic rocket production and practical cos monautics, distinguished Soviet designer of space-rocket technology Sergey Pavlovich Korolev. Methodology.Known scientific methods of collection, analysis and analytical treatment of scientific and technical information, touching becoming and develop-ment in the world of space-rockettechnique and resulted in scien-tific monographs, journals and internet-reports. Results.A short scientifically-historical essay is presented about the distinguished Soviet designer of space-rocket technique S.P. Korolev, becoming one of founders of domestic rocket production and practical cos-monautics. The important deposit of former German people, creating rockets, workings in the USSR after completion of the World War II is marked, in development of the first Soviet ballistic rockets. Basic scientific and technical achievements of talented and purposeful scientist and practical worker, becoming in 1950 a Chief Designer of the Special Design Bureau No. 1 (SDB-1), S.P. Korolev in area of creation of Soviet strategic rocket weapon (rocket-nuclear «shield») and modern space-rocket technique for mastering of near and distant space tellurians. It is pointed out that under the direction of the Chief Designer of SDB-1 S.P. Korolev in the USSR was developed and accepted on the arma-ment of Soviet Army consisting of two stages intercontinental ballistic rocket (ICBR) of type P-7 (1956, military index 8K71, by power of thermonuclear war-head in 5 Mt and distance of its flight in 8 thousands km) with the liquid rocket engines (LRE) of type РД-107 and РД-108 of design of distinguished Soviet de-signer in area of rocket engines V.P. Glushko. It is indicated that the Chief Designer S.P. Korolev is the «father» of domestic space-rocket technique, providing by powerful launch vehicles, created in the USSR on the basis of ICBR with LRE of РД-7 type (military index 8K71), start of first in the world of Soviet space satellite (on Octobers, 4, 1957) and start on the circumterrestrial space orbit of the first in history humanity of Soviet cosmonaut Yu.A. Gagarin (on April, 12, 1961). Originality. Certain systematization is exe-cuted of known from mass medias of scientific and technical mate-rials, touching becoming and development in the USSR of rocket production, at the sources of which the talented scientist-practical worker and distinguished Soviet designer of space-rocket technique S.P. Korolev. Practical value.Scientific popularization and deepening for the students of higher school, engineer and technical and scientific workers of physical and technical knowledge in area of history of becoming and development in the former USSR of modern rocket production, extending their scientific and technical range of interests and further development of scientific and technical progress in society
DOI: doi.org/10.20998/2074-272X.2019.5.01
URI: http://repository.kpi.kharkov.ua/handle/KhPI-Press/42799
Appears in Collections:Кафедра "Електричні апарати"
Публікації співробітників (НДПКІ "Молнія" НТУ "ХПІ")

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