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Title: Приятное и неприятное, как основные формы восприятия души в истории философии
Other Titles: Pleasant and unpleasant as main forms of perception of the soul in history of philosophy
Authors: Фидровская, Мария Георгиевна
Keywords: добро; зло; Эпикур; человек; познание; good; evil; Epicurus; human; cognition
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Харківський національний університет ім. В. Н. Каразіна
Citation: Фидровская М. Г. Приятное и неприятное, как основные формы восприятия души в истории философии / М. Г. Фидровская // Вiсник Харкiвського національного університету iмені В. Н. Каразіна. Сер. : Теорія культури і філософія науки : зб. наук. пр. – Харків : ХНУ ім. В. Н. Каразіна, 2018. – Вип. 58. – С. 85-91.
Abstract: В данной статье рассматривается фундаментальность для человеческого познания категорий приятного и неприятного. Выдвигается гипотеза, что именно они являются основой всякого познания человека и живого организма вообще. В статье рассматриваются позиции философов, для которых понятия приятного и неприятного были фундаментальными для понимания телоса образа жизни, мироустройства и др.
In the given article it is considered fundamentalism of categories pleasant and unpleasant for human cognition. It is suggested hypothesis according to what they are the basis of any cognition of human and any organism at all. In this article it is considered the points of philosophers for whom the notion of pleasant and unpleasant were fundamental for understanding of telos way of leaving, world order etc. In this article it is considered the views of all known philosophers, who thought that pleasant and unpleasant are conciderable sides of alive organisms and of world perception. There are considered not only importance of pleasant and unpleasant as gnoseological categories but also as onthological and ethical. The author of the article makes own suggestions and conclusions of given material and besides makes own hypothesis of the roul of pleasant and unpleasant for understanding human soul as a phenomena. Pleasant and unpleasant appear to be main charachteristic and criteria for alive organism and we make a conclusion that concept of Epicurus may be considered in a new key that will give a benefit for modern science and will answer many questions of contemporary psychology and neuropsychology. We want not only suggest the concept of Epicurus and say that it is considerable part of history of philosophy. We suggest a new concept in postulation of what Epicurus and other proposed philosophers may help us. This concept is philosophy and science of pleasant and unpleasant. We assume that pleasant and unpleasant have a strong gnoseological role and moreover are the only categories of cognition. Our position also bases on Christianity and religion of that reason we cannot completely support the position of Epicurus because his ethics is mainly based on the belief that there is no life after death, that soul is mortal and it has no opportunity to enter an immortal world after death. This position mostly made him to invent the ethics of pleasure because if there is not eternity for us and we die, we should find something allaying in our life not to think that one day we’ll die and everything will stop. We can not support this position and that side of his concept, of that reason we propose to fulfill his concept with Christian view.
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