# Видання НТУ "ХПІ"

Постійне посилання на розділhttps://repository.kpi.kharkov.ua/handle/KhPI-Press/62886

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14 результатів

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Документ Fractional-based iterative learning-optimal model predictive control of speed induction motor regulation for electric vehicles application(Національний технічний університет "Харківський політехнічний інститут", 2024) Nemouchi, B.; Rezgui, S. E.; Benalla, H.; Nebti, K.A new control strategy based on the combination of optimal model predictive control (OMPC) with fractional iterative learning control (F-ILC) for speed regulation of an induction motor (IM) for electric vehicles (EVs) application is presented. OMPC uses predictive models to optimize speed control actions by considering the dynamic behavior of the IM, when integrated with the F-ILC, the system learns and refines the speed control iteratively based on previous iterations, adapting to the specific characteristics of the IM and improving performance over time. The synergy between OMPC and F-ILC named F-ILC OMPC enhances the precision and adaptability of speed control for IMs in EVs application, and optimizes the energy efficiency and responsiveness under varying driving conditions. The novelty lies in the conjunction of the OMPC with the ILC-based on the fractional calculus to regulate the speed of IMs, which is original. Purpose. The new control strategy provides increased performance, robustness and adaptability to changing operational conditions. Methods. The mathematical development of a control law that mitigates the disturbance and achieves accurate and efficient speed regulation. The effectiveness of the suggested control strategy was assessed via simulations in MATLAB conducted on an IM system. Results. The results clearly show the benefits of the F-ILC OMPC methodology in attaining accurate speed control, minimizing steady-state error and enhanced disturbance rejection. Practical value. The main perspective lies in the development of a speed control strategy for IMs for EVs and the establishment of reliable and efficient electrical systems using ILC-OMPC control. This research has the prospect of a subsequent implementation of these results in experimental prototypes.Документ Refined calculation of energy modes of a frequency-regulated induction motor(Національний технічний університет "Харківський політехнічний інститут", 2024) Volkov, V. A.; Antonov, N. L.To obtain analytical dependencies for the precise calculation of the stator current of a frequency-regulated three-phase short-circuited induction motor and to estimate the components of its main electrical power losses, which are spent on the transportation magnetic power losses (to the magnetization circuit) and additional power losses (through the motor air gap), as well as with using the obtained refined dependencies to research the electromagnetic processes and energy modes of the frequency-regulated induction motor when its speed and load change. Methodology. The method of generalized vectors is used for the refined calculation of the electromagnetic processes and energy modes of the frequency-regulated induction motor. Results. Based on the catalog data and parameters of the induction motor’s equivalent replacement circuit, also the specified values of its useful rotational torque and speed, refined analytical dependencies were obtained for the calculation of the main electromagnetic power losses of the frequency-regulated induction motor, which take into account the influence of all types of power losses, which present in it, as well as – power losses spent on transporting magnetic losses (to the magnetization circuit) and additional losses (through the air gap of the motor). With the help of the obtained dependencies, the energy modes (including main power consumption and electromagnetic power losses, efficiency factor, power factor) of the frequency-regulated induction motor in the driving and generator modes of its operation in relation to the first (at speeds not higher than the nominal) and the second (at speeds above the nominal) speed control zones for the operating ranges of the motor useful rotational torque and speed changes were calculated. Originality. A refined analytical calculation dependence has been obtained for determining the active projection of the generalized stator current vector of a frequency-regulated induction motor, which takes into account the presence of additional power losses and the component of electrical losses caused by the transportation of additional power losses through the air gap of the motor; an analytical dependence is also proposed for determining the increment of the mentioned active projection, which is due to the transportation of magnetic power losses to the motor magnetization circuit. Practical value. Analytical calculation dependencies are proposed for the quantitative assessment of errors (as a percentage of mentioned values) in steady-state modes for determining the main electromagnetic power losses of the frequency-regulated induction motor, caused by the absence (in comparison with relevant studies from known publications) of taking into account additional and magnetic power losses, as well as – the influence of electrical component losses caused by the transportation of the mentioned power losses through the air gap or to the magnetization circuit of the motor, respectively.Документ Artificial neural network and discrete wavelet transform for inter-turn short circuit and broken rotor bars faults diagnosis under various operating conditions(Національний технічний університет "Харківський політехнічний інститут", 2024) Rouaibia, Reda; Djeghader, Yacine; Moussaoui, LotfiIntroduction. This work presents a methodology for detecting inter-turn short circuit (ITSC) and broken rotor bars (BRB) fault in variable speed induction machine controlled by field oriented control. If any of these faults are not detected at an early stage, it may cause an unexpected shutdown of the industrial processes and significant financial losses. Purpose. For these reasons, it is important to develop a new diagnostic system to detect in a precautionary way the ITSC and BRB at various load condition. We propose the application of discrete wavelet transform to overcome the limitation of traditional technique for no-stationary signals. The novelty of the work consists in developing a diagnosis system that combines the advantages of both the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) and artificial neural network (ANN) to identify and diagnose defects, related to both ITSC and BRB faults. Methods. The suggested method involves analyzing the electromagnetic torque signal using DWT to calculate the stored energy at each level of decomposition. Then, this energy is applied to train neural network classifier. The accuracy of ANN based on DWT, was improved by testing different orthogonal wavelet functions on simulated signal. The selection process identified 5 pertinent wavelet energies, concluding that, Daubechies44 (db44) is the best suitable mother wavelet function for effectively detecting and classifying failures in machines. Results. We applied numerical simulations by MATLAB/Simulink software to demonstrate the validity of the suggested techniques in a closed loop induction motor drive. The obtained results prove that this method can identify and classify these types of faults under various loads of the machine.Документ Intelligent fuzzy back-stepping observer design based induction motor robust nonlinear sensorless control(Національний технічний університет "Харківський політехнічний інститут", 2024) Abed, Khoudir; Zine, Hamed Kamel EddineThe control algorithm of Induction Motor (IM) is massively dependent on its parameters; so, any variation in these parameters (especially in rotor resistance) gives unavoidably error propagates. To avoid this problem, researches give more than solution, they have proposed Variable Structure Control (VSC), adaptive observers such as Model Reference Adaptive System, Extended Luenberger Observer (ELO) and the Extended Kalman Filter (EKF), these solutions reduce the estimated errors in flux and speed. As novelty in this paper, the model speed observer uses the estimated currents and voltages as state variables; we develop this one by an error feedback corrector. The Indirect Rotor Field Oriented Control (IRFOC) uses the correct observed value of speed; in our research, we improve the observer’s labour by using back-stepping Sliding Mode (SM) control. Purpose. To generate the pulse-width modulation inverter pulses which reduce the error due of parameters variations in very fast way. Methods. We develop for reach this goal an exploration of two different linear observers used for a high performance VSC IM drive that is robust against speed and load torque variations. Firstly, we present a three levels inverter chosen to supply the IM; we present its modelling and method of control, ending by an experiment platform to show its output signal. A block diagram of IRFOC was presented; we analyse with mathematic equations the deferent stages of modelling, showed clearly the decoupling theory and the sensorless technique of control. The study described two kinds of observers, ELO and EKF, to estimate IM speed and torque. By the next of that, we optimize the step response using the fuzzy logic, which helps the system to generate the PI controller gains. Both of the two observers are forward by SM current controller, the convergence of SM-ELO and SM-EKF structures is guaranteed by minimizing the error between actual and observed currents to zero. Results. Several results are given to show the effectiveness of proposed schemes.Документ Total harmonic distortion analysis of inverter fed induction motor drive using neuro fuzzy type-1 and neuro fuzzy type-2 controllers(Національний технічний університет "Харківський політехнічний інститут", 2024) Srinivas, G.; Durga Sukumar, G.; Subbarao, M.Introduction. When the working point of the indirect vector control is constant, the conventional speed and current controllers operate effectively. The operating point, however, is always shifting. In a closed-system situation, the inverter measured reference voltages show higher harmonics. As a result, the provided pulse is uneven and contains more harmonics, which enables the inverter to create an output voltage that is higher. Aim. A space vector modulation (SVM) technique is presented in this paper for type-2 neuro fuzzy systems. The inverter’s performance is compared to that of a neuro fuzzy type-1 system, a neuro fuzzy type-2 system, and classical SVM using MATLAB simulation and experimental validation. Methodology. It trains the input-output data pattern using a hybrid-learning algorithm that combines back-propagation and least squares techniques. Input and output data for the proposed technique include information on the rotation angle and change of rotation angle as input and output of produced duty ratios. A neuro fuzzy-controlled induction motor drive’s dynamic and steady-state performance is compared to that of the conventional SVM when using neuro fuzzy type-2 SVM the induction motor, performance metrics for current, torque, and speed are compared to those of neuro fuzzy type-1 and conventional SVM. Practical value. The performance of an induction motor created by simulation results are examined using the experimental validation of a dSPACE DS-1104. For various switching frequencies, the total harmonic distortion of line-line voltage using neuro fuzzy type-2, neuro fuzzy type-1, and conventional based SVMs are provided. The 3 hp induction motor in the lab is taken into consideration in the experimental validations. References 22, tables 3, figures 15.Документ Rotor of a die-casting induction motor with anisotropic copper bars(Національний технічний університет "Харківський політехнічний інститут", 2004) Chuvashev, V. A.; Moukhametchine, N. A.; Gabdrakhmanov, Ch.Mathematical model describing the electromechanical processes in an induction motor with anisotropy copper bars is proposed. The model takes into account constructional features of explosion-proof induction motors. Results of its developing and bringing into production of unified series of the motors are presented.Документ Характеристики асинхронного двигателя с учетом старения стали(Національний технічний університет "Харківський політехнічний інститут", 2004) Родькин, Дмитрий Иосифович; Черный, А. П.; Сычев, С. Д.; Мартыненко, В. А.В статье рассмотрены причины изменения характеристик стали и усиления влияния вихревых токов на статические и динамические характеристики асинхронного двигателя. Предложена расчетная схема замещения с учетом сопротивления контура вихревых токов. Выполнены расчеты, результаты иллюстрированы зависимостями, характеризующими изменение основных режимных параметров двигателя.Документ Влияние погрешности каталожных данных асинхронного двигателя на электромагнитные параметры и параметры нестационарных режимов(Національний технічний університет "Харківський політехнічний інститут", 2004) Заболотный, И. П.В статье анализируется влияние отклонений кратностей пускового тока, пускового и максимального моментов на частотные характеристики асинхронного двигателя ветровой электростанции и на параметры включения в сеть. Результаты моделирования режима пуска по уравнениям Парка-Горева с использованием двухконтурных схем замещения сопоставляются с экспериментальными данными.Документ Frequency analysis of stator currents of an induction motor controlled by direct torque control associated with a fuzzy flux estimator(Національний технічний університет "Харківський політехнічний інститут", 2023) Mabrouk, Y. A.; Mokhtari, B.; Allaoui, TayebThe best way to control the torque of an induction motor is conventional direct torque control (DTC); this control method is the most used approach in the industrial sector due to its many advantages. Its main advantages are its simplicity and its exclusive dependence on the stator resistance of the induction motor. However, the use of hysteresis comparators reduces its effectiveness, causing more torque ripple. Additionally, this results in variable operating frequency and limited frequency sampling, resulting in pseudo-random overshoot of the hysteresis band. Purpose. For these reasons, this article presents a new study aimed at confirming its shortcomings and improving the effectiveness of the control. Novelty. We propose to use fuzzy logic methods to estimate the two components of the stator flux. Methods. In traditional DTC the flux components are estimated from an equation relating the stator resistance to the stator voltage and current. In the proposed method, only stator currents and voltages are used for this evaluation, which eliminates the dependence of DTC on stator resistance. The aim of this proposal is to make DTC robust to parametric changes. Results. General harmonic distortions, rotational speed of the induction motor, electromagnetic moment, magnetic flux and stator currents are analyzed. Practical value. With this proposed technique, validated in Simulink/MATLAB, several improvements in motor behavior and control are endorsed: torque fluctuations are reduced, overshoot is completely eliminated, and total harmonic distortion is significantly reduced by 48.31 % for stator currents. This study also confirmed the robustness of DTC to changes in stator resistance.Документ Numerical-field analysis of active and reactive winding parameters and mechanical characteristics of a squirrel-cage induction motor(Національний технічний університет "Харківський політехнічний інститут", 2023) Milykh, V. I.The active and reactive (inductive) winding resistances of three-phase inductions motors (IMs) are investigated. These important parameters are determined during design and are the basis for calculating a number of energy parameters and characteristics. Problem. In the classical design of IM, the winding resistances are determined with insufficient accuracy due to a number of assumptions and conventions. Especially it concerns the operation of IM with increased slip and it affects the accuracy of realization of its design data, starting parameters and characteristics. Goal. The paper aims to further develop the IM design system by numerical-field computational analysis of active and reactive resistances of the IM windings in the whole range of changes in its slip and calculation of the mechanical characteristic of IM to confirm the adequacy of the calculations of these resistances. Methodology. Resistances of the IM windings are determined by numerous calculations of the magnetic fields of dispersion with the FEMM program within stator and rotor teeth steps, and with current displacement in a squirrel-cage rotor core. Everything is done in the slip range when operating from start-up to idle with changing currents in the slots and the corresponding magnetic saturation of the core teeth. A Lua script has been created for the calculations, controlling the FEMM program and providing automation of all calculations. Results. The numerical-field method shows that the classical design method gives very large errors in determining the magnetic conductivities of IM slot dispersion, as well as current displacement in the bars of the squirrel-cage rotor winding. This is especially evident with increased slips in the start-up mode. Originality. Numerical estimates of the differences between the classical and numerical-field methods are given and the origin of errors is analyzed: the strong saturation of the teeth of the stator and rotor cores. This leads to a significant decrease in the magnetic conductivities of slot dispersion and the practical absence of current displacement in the rotor bars, on which the main emphasis was previously made. The obtained results made it possible to calculate the mechanical characteristic of the IM according to a transparent formula without the use of correction coefficients and reference graphical functions. Practical value. The provided technique of numerical-field analysis and the obtained results of the calculation of active and reactive winding resistances and mechanical characteristic are recommended as a basis for the improvement of the IM design system.